The Old South wasn’t really that old. Plantations appeared in many areas of the Deep South only a few decades before the Civil War.
Before that, the South was Indian country.
The South’s long and rich Indigenous history is unknown to many Americans. But once you look, the signs are everywhere: in Native place names (Alabama, Arkansas, Chattahoochee, Tallahassee, Tennessee); in hundreds of earthen mounds—some half-destroyed, others still towering; and in the Native communities that remain in or near their homelands.